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Tuesday, 20 October 2020

October 20, 2020

Lacking of Youth and Parents About Spiritual Awakening

Spiritual and Spirituality

                    Spirituality does not mean any special practice. It is a way of life. Once there, there is much to do. It's like our home garden. If the soil, sunlight or trees are like left normally without care, the flowers will not bloom, we have to keep them in a certain way. Take care. In the same way, if we take special care of your body, mind, emotions, energy then something different will blossom in us - that is spirituality. As long as our judgment is immature, it looks at everything with suspicion. But when it turns out, it starts to feel everything in a different dimension.

                Whenever a person feels something bigger than his own experience, that is what we have traditionally called God. The whole idea of God is - something bigger than us. It can be a human being, it can be a feeling, it can be any aspect of nature.

                If we want to know the source or process of life, will we accept that our own body is the closest example of creation? The Creator is imprisoned in this body. Don't let it escape our notice. If we find the source of creation in ourselves, it means we are spiritual.

                An atheist cannot be spiritual. Even theists cannot be spiritual. This is because there is no difference between the two. One believes there is a God, another believes there is no God. But the real truth is not known to us. A spiritual man is one who understands that he does not know what is true, and so he is searching.

Reasons Behind Lacking of Youths and Parents About Spiritual Awakening 

            Although it is entirely my personal opinion. There are two aspects to the indifference of youth and parents to this spiritual awakening. The first is the current social situation and the second is the future statement of religious texts.

1. The Current Social Situation

                Today's young people around the world are most worried about their future. How to make a living, what to save for their future, about their employment ... everything. Unemployed youth in particular are often misled. Theft, robbery, gambling, rape, the number of extremists is increasing day by day around the world. The minds of such young people are extremely restless - how can they be expected to have religion or spirituality? The minds of the parents are also extremely anxious for such children - their restless minds are the same. The aftermath of the COVID-19 attack is going to be more horrible.

               On the other hand, in the present mechanical (computerized) age, the youth associated with employment are losing their existence under the pressure of work. Can't understand when it's morning and when it's night. Sometimes days, even dates go wrong. A strange struggle for survival. Separately, they will never not sufficient time to know themselves.                

Party Night
        Again, extra money leads people astray. They have no knowledge of good or evil. Such people never try to see anything beyond their money and colorful world. What will such parents, who do not know themselves, teach their children?

              But the number of goods is always small. There are, of course, a number of people who are pleased with a little, who have a calm mind, faith in religion & spirituality, and who want to know. But if want to change on a large scale, must work on social/society change. Nothing better can be expected in this volatile society.

way to happiness 

2. Future Statement of Religious Texts

                According to the traditional Hindu religion, there are four ages, Satya, Treta, Dwapar & Kali. Kali era is going on at present. This age is recorded in the scriptures of Srimat Bhagawat long ago. It clearly states that there will be no special remnants of religion, the oppression of the saints will increase, the people will gradually become shorter, the injustice and oppression will increase day by day; the protector will be the eater; the honor of the wise will decrease; the foolish man will be king; for gold and money, everyone will be sold etc. - In a word, Kali's actions are hypocritical.


(according to the traditional Hindu religion)

1. Find Spiritual Guru

2. Chanting of Krishna Naam (Hare Krishna Hare Krishna .......)

3. Build Relation with God

October 20, 2020

4G Network on Moon

            What is the impossible work of man? Mobile usage - even on the moon. Direct 4G. Yes, NASA wants to launch 4G connectivity to the moon by 2022, even though there is no network everywhere on Earth. The US space agency has hired a mobile maker Nokia for this job.

            NASA's goal is to ensure the presence of humans on the moon by 2024. For this ‘Artemis Program’ has started. The goal of this project is to send the first female and then male astronauts to the moon. After that, to make the soil of the moon habitable for human beings. And for that purpose, a good internet system is planned on the moon this time.

            This will be the first wireless broadband communication system in space, according to the Finnish company, Nokia. That work will be completed by 2022 before people arrive. First 4G and then 5G cellular network systems will be introduced. A Texas company has been tasked with delivering equipment to the moon. Nokia claims that it will ensure that astronauts can go to the moon for voice and video communication. As a result, the Lunar Rover sent from Earth can be controlled remotely. This network will also help in any lunar mission in the coming days.

Monday, 19 October 2020

October 19, 2020

Underground Energy

            Without relying too much on any one energy resource, the use of all will help in sustainable development. In that context, the importance of underground energy (heat) is increasing day by day.

                The use of unconventional energy around the world has been emphasized for a long time in the interest of protecting the environment. However, some members of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have claimed that climate change could affect the production of unconventional energy. Take, for example, hydropower. While this energy may have seemed huge at first, it has begun to have a negative impact on the world's energy production, with erratic rainfall, warming whims & increasing erosion around the world. In 2018, Victoria Falls on the African continent dried up due to a long drought. This affected the power generation centered on the waterfall.

              Looking at that, the researchers are claiming that in the coming days, the use of all energy resources will help in sustainable development without relying too much on one resource. In that context, the importance of underground heat energy is increasing. Researchers claim that it will emerge as the third most unconventional force in the world if it goes ahead as planned. Although the discussion of the use of underground energy is not new. Efforts have been made to harness this power since the middle of the twentieth century. However, still a far way to go.

        Underground energy can be used in two ways. First, it produces electricity from underground reservoirs, known as the 'steam method'. The other is to generate electricity directly from lava or magma heat. However, there are some technical problems in using this power. First, building infrastructure to generate electricity in this way is long-term and costly. Second, there is a fear of increasing gases like sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, even though the production of this method reduces the production of carbon dioxide. In addition, lava can reach the surface and cause major disasters if directly connected to the subsoil.

                However, a part of the researchers claims that it is possible to overcome the obstacles if the initial obstacles can be overcome. There is no disagreement about the cost and time required to build the power generation infrastructure in this method. But once the infrastructure is built, it is possible to gradually increase power generation. If production increases, electricity will also become cheaper.

            According to a recent statistic, it has been possible to bring these resources within the reach of the common man by increasing production in countries like the Philippines and Iceland without incurring huge costs after building the infrastructure to generate electricity from underground energy. Currently, about twenty-five percent of the Philippines' electricity demand is generated from underground energy. In the case of Iceland, there is no other source of energy, so electricity from underground energy is meeting all the demand. And in 2010 the world used to generate 10 GW of electricity, but in 2018 it increased to 13.3 GW. Currently, America is at the top in generating electricity from underground energy.

            At the same time, some researchers are reluctant to give too much importance to the fears that are being raised about accidents and pollution. They claim that it is possible to capture gases such as sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide before mixing them with air. In addition, since such ‘power plants’ are operated outside the locality, the risk of damage is much lower.

         The important thing is that developing countries are gradually shifting from underground energy to power generation. In addition to the Philippines and Iceland, countries such as Peru have long-term plans to harness this power. In the case of India too, it is possible to generate electricity at a profitable rate by utilizing this energy in areas like the Himalayas. Even in areas like Andaman and Nicobar, the location of volcanoes could be used to generate electricity from underground sources. It requires study and planning at the administrative level. In a country like India, this energy could become a driving force in the future in preventing pollution, researchers hope.

Sunday, 18 October 2020

October 18, 2020

China America Tensions


             If the Trump administration continues to harass or detain Chinese professors and scientists in the United States, then Beijing will not give up. China will be treated similarly to US citizens. Washington has been warned several times by Beijing.

                The US daily "The Wall Street Journal" reported this on Saturday. The report says that unless the harassment of Chinese professors and scientists in the United States is stopped, US citizens in China will face similar harassment for breaking Chinese law.

           The US State Department issued a warning on September 14 against US citizens traveling to China. It is reported that US citizens are being detained in China. They are also being harassed so that they cannot leave China.

            The Trump administration has previously accused the Chinese military of trying to smuggle intelligence through a section of Chinese professors in the United States. The U.S. administration and businesses continue to be threatened by organized cybercrime. To intensify this work, the Chinese military has conspired to recruit more Chinese professors and scientists to the United States. So the Trump administration has also imposed some restrictions on the entry of new Chinese professors and scientists into the United States.

        Also, Chinese President Xi Jinping has instructed the country's military to be ready for battle amid the border clashes in Ladakh. He made the remarks while visiting a military base in Guangdong province.

            According to China's state-run Xinhua news agency, Xi Jinping visited the Chinese People's Liberation Army's naval base in Chaozhou, Guangdong province. He instructed the members of the corps to be "extremely vigilant". His message to the troops was, "Keep your minds ready for battle.

            "Xi Jinping's message to the force was immediately responded to in the international arena. In fact, it is clear that he is turning around tension and warning. But which country is targeted by China? The US warships have recently been spotted on the Taiwan Strait (the route between China and Taiwan). However, the US is saying that this is a 'routine' tour. But Beijing sees a different motive behind Washington's move. And with that, a large part of the international community feels that the diplomatic temperature between the two countries is rising again. They believe that's why Marine Corps members are "ready" to fight - message from Xi Jinping.

US Navy South China Sea

        Beijing has already strongly condemned the US decision to send warships. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said, "The United States should cancel the military operation in Taiwan." They also demanded the cancellation of the military agreement between the United States and Taiwan. However, Washington countered that "US Air Force ships will operate and fly in accordance with international law."

           Beijing has previously objected to US warships traveling through Taiwan. This time, China also warned the United States about Tibet. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian told Washington that they see the Trump administration's intervention in Tibet as a blow to their country's domestic policy.

        The US directly blamed China for the epidemic situation. Tensions between the two countries eased, albeit a little. But the United States has again fueled the allegations of oppression of minorities. They claim that China's treatment of the country's Muslim minority amounts to genocide.

           US National Security Adviser Robert O'Brien attended a virtual event of an international voluntary organization on Friday. He also accused China of persecuting minorities. "Even if there is no genocide, what is going on in Xinjiang is the same as genocide," Robert said.

Robert O'Brien

        Last June, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo complained that Muslims were being forced to undergo sterilization, abortion & family contraction at the behest of the Government. There are even allegations that China is sending abroad hair products after shaving the Muslim Women's hair out of their heads. In June, US Customs and Border Protection seized a large number of goods from Xinjiang province. They make sure they are made of human hair.

        Multiple groups have already spoken out against China, accusing it of persecuting Uyghurs and other Muslims in Xinjiang. They allege that China has detained more than one million Muslims there. Every now and then there are incidents like human rights violations and genocide.

        In September, an Australian government-approved think tank released a report on Xinjiang. It says the Chinese government has recently destroyed about 16,000 mosques in Xinjiang province.

Friday, 16 October 2020

October 16, 2020

NASA - Moon saved Earth from Sun's radiation

             There was a time when the moon saved us from the attack of the sun. Although small in size, the moon also had its own magnetic field. The moon shared its magnetic field with the earth. And in that way, it's magnetic field would save the earth from the terrible solar radiation, the gust of solar wind.

           A recent study led by NASA gave this news. The study was published in the International Science Journal - "Science Advances" on October 14.

            At that time the moon was very close to us. At the distance it is now (2,38,000 miles), the moon was one-third of its distance away. The distance from the earth was only 80,000 miles.

            Researchers say it was a story 4.5 billion years ago. Life was not yet born on earth. Surya also had almost childhood then. Solar radiation and the gusts of the solar wind are much more terrible then. At that time the body of the earth was burning so much due to solar radiation that it was not possible for any life to be born in that environment. The development of life is far away.

What was the benefit?

            "Life was not born on Earth then," said Jim Green, NASA's chief scientist & lead researcher. So as a result, the soul did not get a chance to benefit directly. But benefited indirectly. Later. Because the moon did that, the earth's atmosphere was not overwhelmed by the heat of the sun and the terrible solar radiation. The moon shared its own magnetic field with the earth's magnetic field, saving the earth's atmosphere from all the attacks of the sun. Otherwise, the phase of Mars, Venus, the phase of Mercury from birth, the phase of the earth would have been the same. Without the atmosphere, life on earth will not be possible.

Ancient moon mega magnetic field

                "According to the NASA study, this condition did not stay long. The moon played a role as the savior of the earth's atmosphere from 4.5 billion years ago to 3.5 billion years ago. At that time the earth also saved the atmosphere of the moon.

                After a while, the world could not. One and a half billion years ago, almost all of the Moon's meteoric atmosphere disappeared due to Solar radiation. Its magnetic field also disappeared. As a result, the moon could no longer play the role of savior of the earth's atmosphere.

Wednesday, 14 October 2020

October 14, 2020

Indo-China Conflict


                Behind the veil is made a bigger drama, the teaching of diplomacy. This is especially true of relations between China and India at the moment. No matter how many clashes take place on the border between the two countries, the real clash is taking place elsewhere, in a closed-door meeting in another city, with the participation of another country creating a backdrop for the conflict between Asia's two biggest rivals. China has always been a master of covert diplomatic exchanges. India is lagging some behind in this regard. 

                Even the greatest nationalists will admit that India has not been able to achieve much in the world of diplomacy. It can be said that India has played an important role by joining hands with the United States, Japan & Australia in the quad axis that has been formed with the participation of four countries. The role of the Quad in the next phase of diplomatic confrontation with China could be of particular help to India. Notably, there is only one common thread between the interests of the four countries: the anti-China movement.

                The incentive to make quads have come from the South China Sea. In fact, the extent to which China's commercial and military occupation has reached there is understandable given the extent of the annoyance and apprehension of these countries. The main headache of all three countries except India is the South China Sea. In the case of India, however, the problem is with the border, and with China's secret dealings with neighboring Pakistan. Since the launch of the China Belt and Road Initiative in 2017, India has been concerned about the possibility of China's surveillance of India's economic and diplomatic affairs. 

            With the two countries clashing in the Ladakh region this year, it is even clearer why India needs to come to an economic rapprochement with China faster, why India needs to increase its ties with other countries. From that point of view, India's participation in a new international group called the Quad is important news. Given the successive failures of foreign policy under Prime Minister Modi, the quad is a rare glory, no doubt.

            New problems are also created for working hand in hand with others. The quad meeting showed that the US was more interested in tuning to China than India. The coronavirus crisis has provided a golden opportunity to stir up anti-Chinese sentiment in that country. The country's future China policy will depend on the US presidential election next month, but it is now clear that it is less likely to align with India's interests. So India has to be careful. In terms of geopolitics, China is not India's enemy, it is its rival. India has no long-term gain in its military or economic conflict with China, and huge short-term losses. Therefore, it is important to conduct diplomacy according to cunning.

Sunday, 11 October 2020

October 11, 2020

Beautiful Nepal

                    For many reasons, Nepal is a  travel destination remarkably diverse country that attracts tourists. Some are drawn to the call of the mountains and want to climb or trek in the Himalayas, others are fascinated by Kathmandu's culture and popular region, and yet others are hoping to find some kind of spiritual awakening. Nepal can be a life-changing experience, an adrenaline trip, a cultural eye-opener, or all of the above.

            The majority of travelers spend time visiting sacred and historic attractions in Kathmandu, a popular destination place and then head out to other parts of the world. Chitwan National Park for wildlife watching, and the lakeside town of Pokhara, a common area for treks, are some of the best places to visit outside the capital.

            Throughout Nepal, trekkers can find a number of choices, with the Everest, Annapurna, and Langtang areas being the most important peaks of the Himalayas, the highest mountain in the world.

            A major earthquake hit Nepal in 2015, causing serious damage in Kathmandu and other regions, but reconstruction is underway, and significant progress has been made. While some historical treasures have been lost forever, but much of the damages has been restored.


                The capital and largest city, Kathmandu in Nepal, is like no other city in the country. A stark contrast to the beautiful environment that permeates the streets is the crumbling buildings in the centre of the city. As street vendors drive their products, the scent of incense wafts from shops, and people go about their everyday lives, all against a backdrop of ancient temples and carved statues.

            Kathmandu was one of three rival royal cities, along with Bhaktapur and Patan, for several 100 years. Located in close proximity to one another, these three nearly run together today.

            Durbar Square, the biggest of the palace squares in the 3 royal cities and a UNESCO world heritage site, has long been the attraction of Kathmandu. Visitors can find temples and monuments of different shapes, sizes, styles, and religions here. The 2015 earthquake seriously damaged Kathmandu's Durbar Square, with many constructions destroyed beyond repair, but it still remains a spectacular place to visit.

Temple of Pashupatinath

            The Pashupatinath Temple, one of the holiest Hindu temples in Nepal, extends across both banks of the magnificent and sacred Bagmati River on the eastern edge of Kathmandu, the main city. Thousands of devotees who come to give their prayers and seek blessings from him draw from the glorious sanctum devoted to Lord Shiva. It is believed that the Jyotirlinga housed in the Pashupatinath temple, splayed over a wide area with temples and ashrams, is the head of the body made up of the twelve Jyotirlinga in India. The majestic shrine was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1979.


            In the Kathmandu Valley, Bhaktapur is one of three medieval towns, the other two being Kathmandu and Patan. It is also referred to as Bhadgaon and Khwopa and has a mixture of people who are Hindu and Buddhist. Situated approximately 12 km from Kathmandu, this town is divided into 3 squares, each packed with temples and other religious structures. However, access to this city is not free and visitors have to pay a city entry fee of NPR 1600. This goes into the restoration of the temples in Bhaktapur, "the city of culture," which was sadly devastated in April 2015 during the 8 magnitude earthquake, causing loss of life and terrible destruction of some of the temples of historical significance.

            This city is situated on the Indian-Tibet trading route and offers a clear view of the Himalayas. Being Nepal's third-largest city indicates that Bhaktapur is one of the most popular tourist attractions, with the most famous attraction being Bhaktapur Durbar Square.

Boudhanath Stupa

            Just outside, 11kms from Kathmandu, the Boudhanath Stupa has been one of the world's largest stupas of its kind and dates to some time around the 6th century, probably even earlier. It lies on the old trading route to Tibet, just like Bhaktapur, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, South Asia.

          The stupa is a sign of awakening itself, but the symbolism is especially clear in Boudhanath. One of the 5 elements, earth, water, fire, air, and sphere, which are also the attributes of the five Buddhas, describes each distinct form. Brought together in the stupa's shape, their unity represents the structure of the universe itself in an abstract fashion. During the 2015 earthquake, the stupa suffered minimal damage and is now completely restored.

Swayambhunath Monkey Temple

                Set on a mountaintop to the west of Kathmandu, after Boudhanath, Swayambhunath is the 2nd most important temple in the Kathmandu Valley. It is known more lovingly as the Monkey Temple due to the resident monkeys that occupy parts of the temple.

            The centerpiece of the temple complex consists of the Swayambhu Stupa, carved with the eyes of the omnipresent deity. Initially, it was a prehistoric cult site, but the complex of temples dates back to the 5th century. In the lives of the Vajrayana Buddhists of northern Nepal and Tibet, but especially of the Newari Buddhists of the Kathmandu Valley, Swayambhu plays a major role. In 2015 earthquake caused a lot of damage to the Swayambhunath temple complex, but repairs are now finished, and the temple is back to its former.

Chitwan National Park

            The place to come to see a new aspect of Nepal is Chitwan National Park. This is a fantastic place (952.6 square kilometres) to see animals and it has a safari-type feel. Chitwan has a tropical monsoon climate, very different from what you would expect to find in Nepal, at an altitude of just 105 meters in some places, much lower than Kathmandu at 1.410 meters.

            Travelers come to see the wildlife here. Rhinos, Bengal tigers, leopards, sloth bears, gaur (buffalo), deer, and many other species are housed in the park. The rivers and streams are populated by freshwater dolphins (Gangetic) and crocodiles but are seldom seen. More than 500 bird species make Chitwan an ornithologist's paradise. For close-up pictures of the animals, tours from the lodges take you out into the forest, either on foot, or more frequently, on elephants. Chitwan lies close to the Indian border, southwest of Kathmandu, and is included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List.


            Set at the base of the foothills and covered by Dhaulagiri, Manaslu, and Annapurna I, some of the world's highest mountains, Pokhara is one of the most picturesque cities in Nepal. Pokhara, at an altitude of more than 900m, is the doorway/gateway to the Himalayas for trekkers and the place to start for treks to Jomsom and the area of Annapurna. It is also a great place to chill for a little while, either before or after a hiking trip.

            It is the 2nd largest city in Nepal by the citizenry, after Kathmandu, but it still doesn't feel like a big city. You will note the much cleaner air and friendly atmosphere almost instantly as you drive from Kathmandu, 195 km to the east. For those looking for a little downtime, Lake Phewa, with its cluster of lakeside hotels, restaurants, and shops, is perfect.

        The town is a stunning contrast between the busy Lakeside Pokhara and Old Pokhara, home to many beautiful historical temples and the commercial centre of the town as well. A beautiful lake bordering Lakeside Pokhara and Old Pokhara, Phewa Lake (Phewa Tal) perfectly represent the mountains bordering it, making it a stunning photo-op.


         Lumbini, known as Buddha Shakyamuni, is famous for being the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautama, the historic Lord Buddha. Located off the main tourist path, nearly 240 km away from Kathmandu, Lumbini is a worthwhile detour from Pokhara to Chitwan National Park.

            There is a sense of tranquility in this pilgrimage area, a UNESCO world heritage site. Buddhist pilgrims from around the world are most of the tourists, retracing Buddha's footsteps through the locations of his life. It is believed that the Maya Devi Temple, dedicated to the mother of Buddha, is the place where Buddha was born. It includes a 2nd century AD ancient stone relief portraying the birth of Buddha.

Helambu Trek

                  The Helambu region is a popular area for trekking, especially with guided hikes offered by trekking companies. This is mainly because it is close to Kathmandu, does not cross elevations that are surprisingly high, and provides some beautiful mountain scenery. Many hikers who come here on tours, however, find it more difficult than they think they have been led to believe and harder than they predict.

                    It is always demanding to trek in the Himalayas, and while it is not as high as other treks, it is still a physically challenging hike and trekkers should be in well physical shape. This is a lovely trek with that in mind and well worth the effort.

            Inhabited by the Sherpas, the Helambu area is located in the upper part of the Malechmi Khola valley. In Kathmandu, trekkers can start the Helambu Trek and complete it in five to eight days.

Annapurna Trekking

                One of the most famous Nepal trekking regions is the Annapurna Zone. Three major routes converge and merge in places in the Annapurna Zone, and visitors can choose to do a part or a variation on the routes. The routes are well signposted and simple to follow. It takes approximately 21 days to complete the Annapurna Circuit about Annapurna Hill and is immensely popular with people who have enough time. The "Apple Pie Circuit" is often called this path.

                The trek to Poon Hill (3,200 metres) near Ghorepani is a popular hiking destination in this area, often offered in hiking packages in connection with the Annapurna Circuit. Most travelers try to see sunrise early on Poon Hill and a breathtaking view of Dhaulagiri, Annapurna South, Machapuchare, and Singa Chuli.

                In 1986, the Annapurna region was designated as a protected area. Importantly, to help the many trekkers who come through this area, it has good infrastructure. The paths are well kept, and there is plenty of food and accommodation.

Mount Everest Trekking

              The summit of Mount Everest, the highest peak on earth, is 29,028 ft (8,848 metres) tall. Following the now legendary first ascent of the peak in 1953 by Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and Sherpa Tensing Norgay, trekking in the Mount Everest region became popular.

            Since then, several more have reached the top of the mountain, but many more are hiking the path to Everest Base Camp just to glimpse the summit far above. The peak has seen its fair share of drama and tragedy in recent times. Along with disputes between climbers on the mountain, the 2015 earthquake and former avalanches have left their mark on Everest trekking and hiking.

            In general, the Everest area is not considered the most beautiful trekking region in the world, but the attraction of Everest makes it an attractive place, both for climbers and trekkers. There are different base camp entry routes and many choices for planning a tour.

          Many climbing companies, either with Nepalese businesses or western-based businesses, offer a guided hike. It's also possible to hire a private guide or porter and do it yourself, but a guide is theoretically mandatory for all trekkers. From March to May and September to December, the major hiking seasons are in the spring and fall.

            It's possible to see it on bright days from the hill station of Nagarkot near Kathmandu for those not looking to trek to Mount Everest but still wanting to see the peak. On clear nights, hotel workers can knock on guests' doors if Everest is visible. This may be the lazy traveler's best chance of reaching the highest point in the country.

The best time for visiting Nepal

(September- late November)

                October to December (try to avoid June to September) is the perfect time to visit Nepal. It also, however, largely depends on the type of operation or the places that one hopes to visit within the country. For hikers who are rewarded with clear skies and spectacular views, the autumn periods of October and November are touted as the best time. The next best time to visit Nepal is in March-April, the spring season. The rhododendrons are in flower, and the weather is hot, but not so hot and scorching. The winter months are perfect for those who want a holiday in Kathmandu and the low-lying regions.

Saturday, 10 October 2020

October 10, 2020

Most Expensive Fighter Jet


B-2 Stealth Bomber

Flanker Su-27 (Sukhoi)                


            As it costs $41.2 million, the Su-27 Flanker is on the pricier side and is still in operation since being launched in 1977. It was originally created to compete against fourth-gen fighters from the US. Within the architecture, it has air supremacy, although nearly all aerial combat operations are carried out by its other variants. 'Flanker' was the recorded name given by NATO to the Su-27.

Su-30 (Sukhoi)               

                This is a development in Moscow planned by the Aviation Corporation of Sukhoi. Some of the capabilities are that air-to-air and air-to-surface deep interdiction missions can be performed. Initially, its existence was intended as an inner development plan. When the Russian Defense Ministry found out about the discovery in 1996, however, that changed. It was originally used by the Soviet Union and the Russian Air Force, but the Venezuelan Air Force, the People's Air Force of Vietnam & the Algerian Air Force are now present.

Su-34 (Sukhoi) 

                Built by the Soviet Union, the Su-34 is fitted with a twin-engine and is an all-weather supersonic fighter jet. It first flew in 1990, but only started operating in 2014 with the Russian Air Force. This aircraft has the authority to fly squad missions and solo missions.

F-15E McDonnell Douglas Eagle-Strike

                The McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle started operating in 1989 at a cost of $138 million and remains in operation. The darker camouflage and conformal fuel tanks of the aircraft are special characteristics that make the McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle distinctive.

EA-18 G Growler 

                This is an aircraft-mounted on a carrier equipped to specialize in electronic warfare. Replacing the EA-6B Prowlers was the reason behind its formation. It costs $74.8 million for the EA-18 g Growler and has yet to retire.

Tomcat : F-14

        A twin-tail, two-seat, variable-sweep, twin-engine, supersonic fighter plane built by Northrop Grumman is the F-14 Tomcat. This fighter plane entered service in 1970 and is worth 63.9 million dollars. However, in 2006, this jet resigned from the USAF. Initially, Northrop Grumman designed it for the Naval Fighter Experimental Program of the US Navy.

Panavia Tornado 

            The Panavia Tornado is a differential-sweep, twin-engine multi-role combat aircraft fleet which was developed by the merger of forces between Italy, Germany, and the United Kingdom. It cost $59.6 million and after being added to the service in 1979, it withdrew from the RAF in 2019. There are three distinct kinds of jets in the Panavia Tornado. 

VH-71 Kestrel

            This fighter jet, which cost $241 million, entered service in 2007. Although the VH-71 Kestrel first took flight in 2007, it was eliminated in 2009 due to its high cost. The approximate expense of 28 Kestrels is a whopping 13 billion dollars. The original justification for Lockheed Martin's development was to serve as a substitute for the One Presidential carrier fleet.

Saab-JAS-39 Gripen

                The Swedish company which produced this aircraft is Saab. It has a single-engine configuration and lightweight multi-role capabilities. It cost between $45 million to $55 million and went into operation for the first time in 1988. A Volvo RM12 is the Gripen's engine, while the flight controls are all fitted with fly-by-wire capabilities.

 Air Force One

                First put into operation in 1990, Air Force One costs a whopping $660 million. This aircraft was primarily designed to carry the President. When the USAF became worried about using commercial airlines to carry the president, protective precautions were set in place. The Boeing 747-8 aircraft is the Air Force One aircraft of choice. The C-54 Sky-master was the first Air Force One, however.

MiG-35 Fulcrum

                The UAC manufactures this aircraft and is a fourth-generation jet fighter, costing $48.6 million to buy. The MiG-35 Fulcrum started operating in 2007 and is not yet ready for retirement. The MiG-35 Fulcrum's first presentation was at the Aero India Air Show.

MiG-31 Foxhound

            Another plane built in the Soviet Union period is the MiG-31 Foxhound jet. In 1975, it was built and later put into service in 1981. As it is still being used by the Kazakhstan Air Force and the Russian Aerospace Forces, the aircraft has not yet been withdrawn. As a supersonic weapon system, the MiG-31 is known and a total of 519 of these aircraft have already been built. The purpose of the design of the MiG-31 Foxhound was to serve as a substitute for the Foxbat.


            The MiG-21 is a track-holder in aviation and was designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau as a venture. The Soviet Union was part of the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau and the aircraft is priced at $25.2 million. This jet was also used by the Indian Air Force, the Air Force of Croatia & the Air Force of Romania. It was reported as one of the most-produced supersonic jets in the history of aviation, as 11,496 of these aircraft were created.

Raptor F-22

            First launched in 1997, the F-22 Raptor cost $350 million. This aircraft is not withdrawn yet and has outstanding characteristics. As a result of the Advanced Tactical Fighter (ATF) Program, it was produced. The aircraft is a single-seat, stealth twin-engine fighter capable of flying in all climatic conditions.

Chengdu J-20 Black Eagle

                    In 2011, the Chengdu J-20 Black Eagle had its first flight and has a price tag of $110 million. The main operator of this aircraft is the People's Liberation Army Air Force. In 2017, 6 years after its initial launch, it was placed into service.

C-17 Globe-Master III

                A whopping $328 million is the expense of this aircraft. This is a Boeing aircraft that was designed by McDonnell Douglas of Boeing. It is used mostly in strategic airlift and tactical airlift operations. The first flight of the C-17 was in 1991, and it was later taken into service by the USAF in 1995. The purpose of its construction was to free up the C-15 fleet and carry out the transport of enormous cargo. To replace the Lockheed C-141 Star-lifter, the C-17 was also planned.

Strike Eagle F-15

                    It's another jet that was built by McDonnell Douglas, a subsidiary of Boeing. This is a tactical, twin-engine military aircraft. In any weather system, it has the capability to travel and costs $43.1 million. The aerial battle of the aircraft holds 100 wins with no losses, rendering this new jet fighter one of the most effective in the world. Among the Israeli Air Force and the USAF, the F-15 Eagle is a favourite.

Dassault Mirage 2000

                This 4th generation jet aircraft, developed by Dassault Aviation, is known for its multi-role capability. It was formed in 1978 and subsequently integrated into the French Air Force in 1984. Many Air Forces still use the Dassault Mirage 2000 aircraft. The Indian Air Force, the United Arab Emirates Air Force, and the Taiwanese Air Force are some of those air forces. There are a significant number of Mirage 2000 models. The 2000D and the 2000N are included in these.

P-8A Poseidon 

                This is another aircraft that Boeing has created and manufactured. It first flew in 2009 and is not yet ready for retirement. The cost of the P-8A is $290 million, and its development was primarily intended for use in the US Navy. Arms such as Harpoon anti-ship torpedoes and missiles are among some of its arsenals. The aircraft will drop sonobuoys as well.

Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey

            With the idea of emulating the functionality of a standard helicopter, the Osprey was designed. With this, characteristics were introduced that you would normally find in a turboprop aircraft. Long-range cruise performance and high speed are some of these functions. The Japan Ground Self-Defense, Marine Corps, Navy, and Air Force use this aircraft. In 1989, the V-22 first began flying and cost $118 million.

F-35 Lightning II

                The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, costing  $80 million/unit, is a United States single-seat, single-engine, all-weather stealth multirole jet fighter family that is designed to carry out missions of air supremacy and strike. It is also able to provide capabilities for electronic warfare and intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance. With principal partners Northrop Grumman and BAE Systems, Lockheed Martin is the prime F-35 contractor. The F-35B joined into service with the United States in July 2015 Marine Corps, accompanied by the U.S. Air Force F-35A in August 2016.  In February 2019 in Navy F-35C. In 2018, the F-35 was first joined by the Israeli Air Force in operation.

Dassault Rafale

            The Dassault Rafale is a twin-engine French aircraft designed and developed by Dassault Aviation and costing of Rs.1600 crore/unit (in Indian rupees), canard delta wing, multirole fighter aircraft. The Rafale is designed to carry out air superiority, interdiction, aerial reconnaissance, ground support, in-depth attack, anti-ship attack & nuclear deterrence operations, fitted with a wide range of weapons. The Rafale is alluded to by Dassault as the 'omnirole' aircraft.

Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit

                The most costly aircraft on this list is this one. The Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit costs an astounding $2.1 billion worth of money. Northrop Grumman is a highly known corporation that makes more than $30 billion in revenues per year. This makes it one of the largest defense manufacturers in the world. Often classified as the Stealth Bomber, this aircraft is The Stealth Bomber is a large strategic bomber that is planned to puncture thick anti-aircraft defenses with technology.