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Wednesday, 13 November 2019

Ram Mandir Babri Masjid

Statue of Sree Ram Chandra

What is Ram Janmabhoomi (Birth-place) NYAS?

Ram Janmabhoomi NYAS is a small organization organized to encourage and observe the construction of a Hindu temple at Ram Janmabhoomi premises in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh state of India. Hindus believe that Ram, the seventh incarnation of the Hindu god Vishnu, was born in the land of Ram. The organization was founded by members of the World Hindu Council.

        Lord Rama was born in Ayodhya on the banks of the river Sarayu, according to the Ramayana. This place is identified with Ayodhya in present-day Uttar Pradesh. As per Hindu beliefs, an ancient temple stood at the birthplace to mark the spot. And that it was demolished in 1528 by first Mughal emperor Babur when he built a mosque - Babri Masjid - which was subsequently demolished by kar sevaks on December 6, 1992. Who really owns the land where it stood? That is the crux of the title dispute over the 2.77 acres of land.

Ram Mandir

Several Hindu religious organizations and political parties demanded the construction of the Ram Temple at Ram Janmabhoomi Square. There was a mosque called Babri Masjid in the compound. According to the demands of Hindu organizations, the Mughal emperor Babar destroyed the original temple of Ram in the birthplace and built the Babri Masjid. The issue was raised by the Hindu religious organization Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) and the State Volunteer Association (RSS) and the country's main Hindu nationalist political party, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). In 1992, VHP staged a procession near Babri Masjid. Participants in the procession destroyed the mosque. As a result, riots broke out between Hindus and Muslims in India.

           For the first time in 1822, a Faizabad court official claimed that the mosque was located on the ground floor of the temple.


Establishment

On January 25, 1993, the members of the World Hindu Council established an independent organization called Ram Janmabhoomi NYAS (RJN). The purpose of establishing this organization was to occupy the birthplace of Sree Ram and to oversee the construction of the proposed Ram Temple. Ramachandra Das Paramahans (1913-2003) was the head of the Ram Janmabhoomi NAS. Members of the organization said that the purpose of establishing this organization was to see that the secular Indian government could not occupy the Ram Janmabhoomi premises and take part in the construction of the Ram temple. Ram conducts workshops for volunteers, known as 'Korsebok', in a place called 'Korsebakpuram', outside the birthplace. This workshop is associated with the make of the temple.

Babri Masjid & SCourt 
What did the 3 sides say in SC?
       The Muslim side wants the masjid rebuilt at the same location. It also wants the SC to implement the Places of Worship Act 1991 which freezes all places of worship as they existed when India became free. This is to prevent spillovers to other disputed sites like Mathura and Kashi. The akhara and deity want possession of the land. The akhara is willing to concede the rights of the title to the deity if its shebait is recognised. After the hearings were over, the Sunni Board reportedly made a mediation offer that it would give up claim for the title if Kashi and Varanasi were left alone and the masjid rebuilt at another location. Other parties on both sides are unlikely to support this.

Ayodhya Verdict, 2010

The Allahabad High Court divided the disputed Ram Janmabhoomi square into three parts and gave one-third to the Muslim Sunni Waqf Board and the remaining to a non-violent Akhara Hindu organization. Ram Janmabhoomi NAS welcomed the verdict. However, Ram Janmabhoomi NAS said that the quadrilateral should be handed over to a competent person and they would file a case in the Supreme Court of India demanding the entire quadrant.

History & Verdict


Year : 1853
Wazid Ali Shah of Nawab of Awadh witnessed the first violence in this place. A mosque was erected by destroying a Hindu temple here during the reign of Emperor Babar, claiming a section of Hindus. The British imperial power of the 1985 year divided the area into two because of the Hindu-Muslim conflict. One place is reserved for Muslims, and the other for Hindus.

Year : 1985
In 1985, Mahanta Raghubir Das filed the first case. In the petition, he said that an awning should be made outside the mosque. However, the district court rejected the application by Faizabad.


Year : 1949
Statues of Lord Rama Chandra are found inside the mosque. It is alleged that a section of Hindus intentionally left the idol of Rama Chandra inside the mosque. Both Hindu and Muslim parties claim the right to the place. As a result, the government declared the place controversial and locked it.

Year : 1950
Gopal Singh Vishal and Mahant Paramhansa Ram Chandra Das again requested to pray at the birthplace of Ram in Faizabad court. As a result, a place was opened.

Year : 1959
This year, Ram Nirbhumi appealed to the Nirmohi Akhara court, claiming that he was a custodian for the maintenance of the place. 

Year : 1961
The Sunni Waqf Central Board appealed against the installation of a Hindu deity in the mosque. And reported that there are mosques and nearby burial grounds.

Year : 1984
In this controversial part of Ayodhya, a committee was also formed on behalf of the Hindu group to build the Ram temple. Gradually the movement began to match the stalks. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader Lal Krishna Advani led the movement.


Year : 1986
On the petition of Hari Shankar Dubey, the district court ordered that the mosque gate should be opened and Hindus could pray there. Muslims opposed this verdict. The Babri Masjid Action Committee was formed after that.

Year : 1989
The Vishwa Hindu Parishad laid the foundation stone of the Ram temple adjacent to the Babri Masjid. Justice Devki Nandan Agarwal, former vice-president of the VHP, appealed to the Court to move Babri Masjid elsewhere. As a result, the applications which were read in the Faizabad court was transferred to the High Court.

Year : 1990
VHP volunteers try to destroy the mosque. At that time, Prime Minister Chandrasekhar intervened and calmed the situation. In September of that year, Lal Krishna Advani made a controversial chariot ride from Gujarat to Somnath to Ayodhya and try to explain the importance of the Ram temple.

Year : 1991
BJP became the main opposition force at the center. It even came to power in Uttar Pradesh. The corps and volunteers united to further the Temple Movement.

Year : 1992
The controversial Babri Masjid was demolished on December 7, 1992, by the ‘Karsebok’. It was supported by the Shiv Sena, the World Hindu Council, and the BJP. In terms of this, the country's most horrific riots erupt. It killed 2,000 people. After the incident, Prime Minister Narasimha Rao's government formed a committee headed by Justice Ms Liberahan to investigate.

Year : 2001
Ten years after the demolition of the mosque, an atmosphere of panic ensued. The Hindu Council demanded that they build the Ram temple on that land in Ayodhya.

Year : 2002
In February 2002, 58 people were killed in a train attack at Aodhya's Korasebak burden in Godhra. Thousands were killed in the riots that followed. Later this year, the High Court asked the Archaeological Survey of India to examine whether there were any temples under the mosque.

Year : 2003
ASI starts surveys. Later, the temple really exists below the mosque. Although the Muslim organization denied that report. In September that year, a trial was heard in the Babri Masjid demolition case against seven Hindu leaders. However, no allegations were made against Lal Krishna Adbani, who is the deputy prime minister then.

Year : 2004
Congress returns to power in Uttar Pradesh. The court in Uttar Pradesh ruled that Adbani's name should also be included in the case. The next year, the militants were attacked in Ayodhya on the 21st. Five militants were killed.

Year : 2009
The Liberhan Commission, prepared after the demolition of the Babri Mosque, submitted its report in June. There was a riot in Parliament. Because in that report, BJP leaders were blamed for the incident.

Year : 2010
The Allahabad High Court adjourns the controversial case. It is said that the land should be divided into three parts. One will get Hindu Mahasabha, one will get Muslim Waqf Board and one will go to Nirmohi Akhara. The ruling challenged the Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha and the Sunni Waqf Board challenging the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court subsequently adjourned the High Court's ruling in 2011.

Year : 2015
In 2014, the BJP-NDA government came to power in the center. The VHP announced that the Ram temple would be collected by collecting stones from all over the country. And that lies with the BJP government. A few months later 2 lorry stones were brought to the disputed land. This prevented Akhilesh Yadav's government from ruling Uttar Pradesh. They said that Ram temple cannot be built in this way.

Year : 2017
The Supreme Court has said that the charge cannot be removed in the name of Lal Krishna Advani and other Hindu leaders in the Babri Masjid demolition of 12th. The Supreme Court recommends that such sensitive cases be settled outside the court. The court again suggested that the CBI's plea be complied with the CBI's plea to constitute a conspiracy charge against the rest.

        India waits with bated breath as the date of the epochal final verdict by Supreme Court on Ayodhya land dispute case draws near. Outgoing Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi is expected to deliver the momentous ruling before he retires on November 17, 2019.
Ayodhya Verdict Final Updates 

        Bringing down curtains on Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid issue, one of the longest-running title disputes in India, Supreme Court has given the entire disputed 2.77-acre land to form a trust with Hindu parties by The center monitors the construction of a Ram Temple within three months. The Sunni Waqf Board will grant five acres of alternate land, a five-judge bench ruled in the unanimous verdict. The Nirmohi Akhara also has a setback with the court saying it is not a 'shebait' or devotee of the deity Ram Lalla. The CJI Ranjan Gogoi-led bench of Justices SA Bobde, DY Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer said the Akhara's suit was barred by limitation.

      The Ayodhya title suit verdict came nine years after the 2: 1 decision of the Allahabad High Court that ordered a three-way division of the disputed 2.77 acres of land between three parties - Ram Lalla, Sunni Waqf Board and the Nirmohi Akhara. The Lucknow Bench had ruled that Hindus and Muslims would be joint title holders of the disputed land.

Opinion of Narendra Modi (PM)

     The Honorable Supreme Court has given its verdict on the Ayodhya issue. This verdict should be seen as a win or loss for anybody. Be it Ram Bhakti or Rahim Bhakti, it is imperative that we strengthen the spirit of Rashtra Bhakti. May peace and harmony prevail!

    Home Minister Amit Shah welcomes the Supreme Court judge's Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid title suit, saying the order will prove a milestone and further strengthen India's unity and integrity.

   Mohan Bhagwat, RSS Chief, We welcome this decision of the Supreme Court. This case was going on for decades and it has reached the right conclusion. This should not be seen as a win or loss. We also welcome everyone's efforts to maintain peace and harmony in society.

     Minutes after the Supreme Court verdict on the Ayodhya land dispute was announced, Zafaryab Jilani, the lawyer for the Sunni Waqf Board, said the board respects the Supreme Court decision. Zafaryab Jilani, who has represented the Muslim side in the Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi title suit, also said the board is "not satisfied" with the decision, which ruled in favor of Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas.

    In a press conference, Owaisi further expressed his displeasure over the Supreme Court's Ayodhya verdict and said he concurs with the All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB) and said there had been "discrimination against Muslims and no one can deny it." He said, "Muslims are poor, but not in a state that we cannot buy land for our Allah. We need a piece of land in charity."

16th Nov, 2019 Trust-Head Dispute start between Saint
                              The Supreme Court has ordered the formation of a trust for the construction of the temple in Ayodhya. Now the tension between many saints has begun to become the head of the trust. Meanwhile, an audio clip that went viral has worked ghee in the fire. 
      Former BJP MP Ram Vilas Vedanti, who played an active role in the Ram Mandir agitation, has raised a new controversy about himself becoming the head of the temple trust as per the Supreme Court's final decision. In an audio clip circulating among the saint communities in Ayodhya, Vedanti is saying that he wants to become head of the temple trust. However, the audio clip has not yet been verified.
     The audio clip is allegedly part of a conversation between Ram Vilas Vedanti and the Mahant Paramahansa Das, the chief of the Tapashiji camp, who was detained on Thursday for making derogatory remarks on Ram Janmabhoomi Trust Chief Nritya Gopal Das. In the audio clip, Vedanti asks Paramahansa Das to propose his name for the head of the trust. Both used hate speech against Nritya Gopal Das.
5th August, 2020, Bhumi Pujan of Ram Mandir
                       Prime Minister Narendra Modi returned to Ayodhya — 29 years after his last visit to the temple town — where he took part in a "Bhoomi Pujan" or groundbreaking ceremony marking the construction of a grand Ram temple there. He addressed a group of spiritual leaders who had come to attend the grand event following the ceremony that saw PM laying a silver brick for a grand Ram temple.
             'India is intensed as centuries of waiting have come to finish. Crores won't trust they've seen this day in our lives. For years, our Ram Lalla (child Lord Ram) has lived under a tent, now he's going to reside in a grand temple constructed by Ram bhaktas. Today, Ram Janambhoomi has been liberated' said Pm Narendra Modi, who began his speech chanted 'Siyavar Ram Chandra ki Jai!' & 'Jai Siya Ram' as he addressed some 172 people at this ceremony.


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