Indian Diplomacy

by - September 15, 2020


What is Diplomacy?

          Diplomacy is a branch of international relations education where the technique of mutual agreement or negotiation between the state and state institutions is studied. In general, diplomacy is a government program aimed at implementing a country's foreign policy. Diplomacy entails Influencing the dissections and conduct Of Foreign Governments and Officials through dialog, negotiation, and over nonviolent means.
       Diplomacy, the English synonym for diplomacy, originated from the ancient Greek word. The word "diplomacy" is thought to originate from the Greek "diploma". The word diploma comes from the Greek verb "diplone". Diplon means - to fold. In France, from the 17th century onwards, the commercial and governmental delegations abroad were called diplomatic groups.
             Indian Public Diplomacy goes back to the days of Chanakya who advocated quality listening as one of the most important attributes of an ideal king. Listening to people on a day-to-day basis is a very important part of public diplomacy in the 21st century. The focus of Indian public diplomacy has been communicating India's raison d'être of its foreign policy decisions as well as traditionally branding India globally by producing documentaries, films, coffee-table books etc.
       India has a large diplomatic relationship, reflecting its relations with the world and especially in the neighboring regions, such as Central Asia, Middle East, East Africa, Southeast Asia, USA, Russia, Spain, France, Germany and the rest of the Indian subcontinent. There are distant archeological missions in the Caribbean and the Pacific, where people from the historic Indian diaspora live.


India's Forensic Policy 
        The Republic of India is the most populous elected democracy in the world. The economic growth rate of this state is extremely rapid. Currently, it is the second-largest economy in the world after China, with a GDP growth of 8.9 percent in 2007 years. India's military is the fourth largest in the world. India, the fourth largest in terms of purchasing power parity, is therefore considered a regional power and a middle power. India's growing influence in the international arena has strengthened India's voice in various international issues.
Indira Gandhi-US-Russia, 1971
   Freed from the British subjugation of India in 1947, India joined the Commonwealth of Nations and strongly supported the independence movement of several colonies, including the Indonesian National Revolution. The division of India and various territorial disputes (especially the Kashmir dispute) created tension in the Indo-Pakistan relations in subsequent years. During the Cold War, India decided not to support any international power alliance. However, India developed close links with the Soviet Union and also received numerous military support from that state (Especially in the 1971 war against Pakistan, when the US sent its Naval Sheep into the Bay of Bengal).
           The end of the Cold War has had a profound impact on India's foreign policy, as is the world around. The international powers that India focuses on strengthening diplomatic and trade relations with at this time are the United States, the People's Republic of China, the European Union, Japan, Israel, Mexico, and Brazil. India also has close ties with the Association of South-East Asian Nations, the African Union, the Arab League, and Iran.
India-Soviet Union
         While India maintains military ties with Russia, Israel has emerged as India's second-largest military ally; And India also developed strong strategic cooperation with the United States. The Indo-US Civil Agreement was signed and implemented in 2008. This is seen as a step towards improving Indo-US relations. 
Pranab Mukherjee-Sekh Hasina
       The history of cooperation between different states with India is quite old. India is considered a leader in the developing world. India is a member of several international associations, notably the United Nations, the Alliance-neutral Movement, the Asian Development Bank, and the G20 Industrial Nations. The other international institutions that have a significant influence in India are the East Asia Summit, the World Trade Organization, the International Finance Fund, and the IBSA Dialogue Forum. The regional associations of India are SAARC and BIMSTEC. India participated in various peacekeeping operations and was declared the second-largest military supplier to the United Nations in the 21st. India is currently looking forward to gaining permanent membership of the UN Security Council and G8 Nations.
        Indian passports can be traveled without a visa in 15 countries of the world. These are Nepal, Bhutan, Hong Kong, Maldives, Mauritius, Jordan, Cambodia, Bolivia, Macao, Jamaica, Fiji, Haiti, British Virgin Islands, Trinidad and Tobago and Dominica.
        Pranab Mukherjee deserves the rare achievement of carrying out the duties of various important ministries such as India's foreign, defense, communications, revenue etc. at different times. His contribution to many important foreign relations, such as the signing of the Indo-US Civil Nuclear Agreement, is unacceptable. The loyalty and outstanding wisdom of the party has paid special tribute to this Bengali politician in the Congress party and even outside the party.
Sushma Swaraj
         Late Sushma Swaraj was the former Indian External Affairs Minister under Prime Minister Narendra Modi from May 2014 till May 2019, responsible for implementing the foreign policy of Narendra Modi. She is only the second woman to hold this position after Indira Gandhi. She made official visits in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar, Singapore, South Korea, Maldives, Afghanistan, UAE, the USA in 2014, China, Oman, South Africa, Nepal, Germany, Pakistan, Mauritius in 2015 and Sri Lanka, Iran, Russia, Italy in 2016.
              On June 26, 2017, Modi met with U.S. President Donald Trump in Washington, DC where he discussed trade, favorable airplanes and natural gas, and terrorism. Increase in bilateral trade and investment, co-operation on global security matters, the inclusion of decision-making matters in India on global governance (United Nations Security Council), upgraded representation in trade and investment forums (World Bank, IMF, APEC), Admission into multilateral export control regimes (MTCR, Wassenaar Arrangement, Australia Group) and support for admission to the Nuclear Suppliers Group and joint-manufacturing through technology sharing arrangements have become key milestones and a measure of speed and advancement on the path closer to US- India relations. In 2016, India and the United States signed the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement and India was declared a Major Defense Partner of the United States. 
Howdy Modi
          The "Howdy, Modi!" The event in the United States was neither organized by the BJP nor the government, but by volunteers who also funded it, the saffron party's overseas affairs department head Vijay Chauthaiwale said on Thursday. A key man behind Prime Minister Narendra Modi's outreach to the people of Indian origin across the globe, Chauthaiwale said in the event Houston was "attended by both Democrats and Republicans. Traditionally, the Indian diaspora has been supported by the Democrats. But we clarified that the event would be bipartisan ".In addition to US President Donald Trump (a Republican), nine to ten Democrats also attended the "Howdy, Modi!" event, he said. Apart from Modi, Trump also addressed the gathering.
Putin - Modi
            The indo-Russian foreign policy between India and Russia always very good & friendly. During the Cold War, India and the Soviet Union (USSR) had a strong strategic, military, economic and diplomatic relationship. After the collapse of the USSR, Russia inherited its close relationship with India which resulted in a special relationship. The relations between Russia and India are an important and privileged strategic partnership. Owing to the bonhomie shared by the countries' concerned leaders, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Vladimir Putin, the bilateral relationship has seen further growth and development.
       Narendra Modi meets the Brazilian President, Dilma Rousseff on the sidelines of the 6th BRICS Summit in Brasilia, Brazil, in July 2014.
South Korea-India
India-Sri Lanka

         In April 2015 Modi visited Canada and was the first bilateral visit to that country by an Indian Prime Minister in 42 years. India made a nuclear deal with Canada's largest producer of uranium, Cameco, signed a $ 280 million, five-year deal to supply uranium to Indian nuclear reactors. The long-term deal is announced later that Cameco will sell 7.1 million pounds of uranium to India, through 2020.
            France is a valuable strategic partner of India in western Europe. Both countries have invested deep in political, economic, social, technological and military realms. Modi met French President Francois Hollande at the 2014 G-20 Summit in Brisbane, and discussed bilateral strategic, space and defense issues related to committing to global cooperation against terrorism. Indian Air Force (IAF) signed Rs.300 crore deal with Israel's Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, an Israeli defense firm to procure a batch of SPICE 2000 guided bombs.
      UK Prime Minister David Cameron was one of the first world leaders to congratulate Modi soon after his landslide victory in the election. The two leaders met for the first time on 14 November 2014 on the sidelines of the G20 leaders' summit in Brisbane, where the British Prime Minister said relations with India were "top priority" of UK foreign policy.
Germany - India
    In April 2015 Modi visited Germany where he held bilateral talks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Modi also inaugurated the Hannover Fair 2015 - the world's largest industrial fair, where India was the partner country.
         India-Israel relations most notably exemplify realism as cardinal international relations theory where national interest in expediency turns out to be a guiding force behind a nation's foreign policy. Indian Army has placed an order for procuring Israeli Anti-Tank Spike missiles from Israel. The procurement was made under emergency purchases to meet the operational preparedness of the army. Decision taking after the Pulwama attack. 
UAE - India
          India's relations with the UAE are "at their best ever" as bilateral ties have been elevated from a "buyer-seller" to a comprehensive strategic partnership in the last four years, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said as he highlighted the excellent rapport between the two countries. An interview with Modi in the UAE's official news agency, WAM, said that India has found a "valuable partner" in the UAE to achieve its ambitious dream of a USD 5 trillion economy.
     Bilateral relations between Afghanistan and India have traditionally been strong and friendly. India and Afghanistan have been historical neighbors. India shares a 104 km long land border with Afghanistan along with Kashmir. However, since 1948, that part of the border and the region has been occupied by Pakistan's Kashmir rule (POK). On 15 August 2019, on Indian Independence Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi extended greetings to Afghanistan who was also due to celebrate Afghan Independence Day, the 100th year, four days later. Modi said: "Afghanistan is a good neighbor of India, and I wish the country celebrated 100 years of independence this year." [43] President Ashraf Ghani also sent congratulations with the comment "May our friendship last forever.
Iran - India
           Also, so many Official visits and always try to better relationship with Iran, S. Africa, Bahrain, North Korea, Mongolia, Egypt, and so many countries. As a result of good relations build-up with all other countries, Pakistan separated from the world and not get the vote in favour of Pakistan (except Malaysia and Turki) in the last 74th UN General Meeting. 

                PM Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping met on an informal summit at Mamallapuram, a coastal town near Chennai, on October 11-12, 2019. The first day of the meet showcased the ancient town of Mamallapuram, which was a port from where trade between the two nations was carried out two thousand years ago.
Modi in South Africa

          On the second day, Modi and Xi had a one-on-one meet, followed by delegation talks. In all, the two leaders held six hours of dialogue.
        Trade One of the main issues between India and China is trade. During this summit, Modi and Xi reinforced their commitment to improving trade relations. This was one of the key agreements of the Wuhan summit. The leaders agreed to a new set up new mechanisms to achieve this goal. Kashmir issue is one of the main topics made by India-China in this met.
PM Modi Brazil Visit BRICKS Summit
        Prime Minister Narendra Modi has reached Brazil to attend the BRICS Summit. The conference held on 13 and 14 November 2019, in which discussions will be held on increasing cooperation in areas such as digital economy, science and technology and counter-terrorism operations. BRICS consists of five countries with emerging and large economies. These countries account for 42 percent of the world's population and 23 percent of GDP.
The emphasis on preparing an anti-terrorism system
         Before leaving for Brazil, PM Modi issued a statement saying that there will be a special emphasis on building an anti-terrorism system at the 11th BRICS summit. Modi said that he will meet the President of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, and emphasize on increasing bilateral strategic partnership. He will also talk to the leaders of other member countries of the organization to strengthen relations and increase cooperation. In the two-day summit, the leaders of five countries will discuss increasing cooperation in many important areas.
           PM Modi will also have separate bilateral meetings with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping. He will also be present at the opening and closing sessions of the BRICS Business Forum and Summit.
17th Nov, Bangkok
With Japan

With US Secretary
        Defence Minister Mr. Rajnath Singh tweets today : had a wonderful interaction with Minister of Defense of Japan, Mr. Taro Kono. He said they had a brief discussion on adding further momentum to India-Japan defense cooperation.
      Mr. Rajnath Singh also tweets: Had an excellent meeting with US Secretary of Defense, Dr. Mark T Esper in Bangkok today. We talk about ways to expand defense cooperation between India and the United States.
Diplomacy with Pakistan and China (as on 15 Sep, 2020)
            The two countries with which India has not been able to improve its relations since independence are Pakistan and China. Although there have been many attempts, many wars happened, but due to China's expansionist policy and the infiltration of extremists from Pakistan, the situation has not changed but the atmosphere of war has been created again.  China is such a country with which there are border disputes with Mongolia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Burma, Indonesia, Japan, Russia, Korea, Vietnam, India, who not?

Though attention has been concentrated on the Galwan Valley following the conflict on June 15, Pangong Tso has seen another unthinkable face-off unfold. Chinese PLA has modified the rules of the agreement by constructing tents and other buildings on Indian territory between Finger 4 and Finger 8.

The Fingers [mountain spurs] are numbered from west to east, one to eight. So, there's an 8 km gap where the whole thing has been going on. Indian post is between Fingers 2 and 3, which are well connected from the depth areas by a lane. There is a road within 1 km of Finger 4 but it ends there. It's just a foot-track after that.

The Chinese are located at Sirijap, 8 km east of Finger 8. In 1999 they designed a highway up to Finger 4. No vehicle can take Finger 4 through. Indian Forces have to go on foot when patrolling up to Finger 8. The Chinese have the advantage of vehicles as they can get up to Finger 4 (which is now under the Indian military).

They were sensitive to the presence of Indian Forces in this area because they felt the road was being constructed, and they dominated up to Finger 4. They don't want Indians to come up regularly to Finger 8, so they interrupt often. According to the agreements, you cannot undo them when interrupted. India is reciprocating and preventing them until they hit Finger 4. It was a one-man show for several years and they ruled. India has started expanding its infrastructure in the past 7 or 8 years so their presence has increased. What used to occur [encounters] one or two times in a month, is now almost on a regular basis. However, China has understood that this is not the India of 1962.

And there is nothing to say about Pakistan in detail. Since independence, it has only ended with anti-Hindu policies and the Kashmir issue. There was no time to look at their own economic condition, education, health, social awareness, anything. After that, the theft of their leaders, corruption and oppression of military officers are on their way to the end. Today, when a child is born in Pakistan, his debt is about 3 lakh rupees. Pakistan has been sold to China today - in a word, slave. What will this country fight with and what will it build? What is the status of the country that has to borrow anew to repay the interest on the loan? After that, if FATF is blacklisted, then there is no more talk.

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