Refugee Politics

by - December 19, 2020

        India was divided in 1947. Two states, Bengal and Punjab, were directly injured. With the stroke of a pen by Mr. Radcliffe, these two provinces of British India were divided in such a way that a child is breaking a toy into pieces! At the time of the partition of India, its villains did not think that the lives and dreams of many people would be ruined. The two newly created countries (Pakistan and Bangladesh) promised that they would take all the responsibility for the protection of religious minorities. These two states will also provide socio-economic rehabilitation to those who have to be refugees due to partition. To this end, the Nehru-Liaquat Agreement was signed in 1950.

            Even after that, the issue of security and protection of religious minorities did not go beyond the 'word of mouth' of Pakistan's administrations or politicians. On the contrary, the story of the brutal persecution of religious minorities in East and West Pakistan at the behest of the state has become a black chapter in history. It is especially marked by the tragic images of helpless Hindu men and women in Pakistan on both sides of India. Pakistan was divided in 1971 with the promise of establishing the Bengali language and the dignity of the Bengalis. East Pakistan or East Bengal gained independence through the sacrifice of all classes of people like Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, Christians, tribals, etc., and with the direct cooperation of India.

        Independent Bangladesh was sworn in as a 'secular democratic state'. But with the assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the 'Father of the Nation' of that country, the state religion of Bangladesh also changed. The country has not yet been declared as a "Muslim state", but the constitution has been amended to declare the state a special religious identity. Islam has been the 'state religion' of Bangladesh since some time after the death of Mr. Mujib. The whole world knows that millions of religious minorities have been forced to flee Bangladesh in the last four decades due to the persecution of Mujib's supporters. Most of them are Hindus.

            Admittedly, in the time of Sheikh Hasina, the enemy of independence or the supporters of the assassination of Mujib are very much in a state of despair. The persecution of religious minorities, including Hindus, has undoubtedly decreased. But the fear is the same, the supporters of Mujib's assassins have not been eliminated at all. They are waiting for the time. If Hasina's Government or administration is weak, they will take self-image. The minorities living in Bangladesh are still reeling from this panic. Despite the border restrictions, their migration to India has not stopped completely.

            On the other hand, Pakistan's views, paths, and statements are ridiculous. This is not for the common people of that country, but when you listen to the administrations and politicians of Pakistan, it seems so. At the time of India's independence, the number of minorities was 20-22% and now it is around 30-32%. And Pakistan had 15% now which reduced & stands at 2-3% minorities. Not only that, Shia-Sunni, Gilgit-Baltistan, China's oppression of Muslims, etc don't go unnoticed, does not judge, but the pity for the Muslims of Kashmir is not over today, they do not sleep for the oppression of Muslims in India, and India's invitation to OIC, if any Indian army chief goes to Saudi Arabia, they will die. Their statement is the same, how India becomes a Hindu state and gets invited or honored in a Muslim country. They live at what age? What do they have in their mind? Like Pakistan contracts for all Muslims. But no country likes to take their news even today. Wouldn't it be ridiculous for a country that can't protect its own people to forcibly convert even today?

            The United Nations has clarified the difference between the words 'refugee' and 'infiltrator'. Recognizing this, the BJP calls some religious minorities like Hindus, Buddhists, Christians, etc. from Bangladesh, Pakistan & Afghanistan as 'refugees'. Even before Narendra Modi came to power, he promised to grant citizenship to refugees from these three countries in India. The BJP, at the same time, reminds us why Shyamaprasad Mukherjee opposed the ‘erroneous’ Nehru-Liaquat deal. They have repeatedly explained that the Indian citizenship of those refugees is a right and that the Modi government will give it, no one can stop it. On this occasion, the Citizenship Act was also amended last year — immediately after Modiji took over the country for the second time ও despite objections from Bangladesh, Pakistan & many more countries.

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