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Showing posts with label About India. Show all posts
Showing posts with label About India. Show all posts

Saturday, 10 October 2020

October 10, 2020

Pakistan & FATF

 


            Normally, the Government of Imran Khan is having to suffer under the pressure of the alliance of eleven parties of the opposition. The crisis will be exacerbated by the actions of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). According to the International Anti-Terrorism Financial Council, the FATF is going to take strong action against Islamabad for its role in curbing militant activity and terrorism. In that case, the way out of the gray list may be completely blocked. Many in the international community believe that Pakistan should be left on the gray list based on the October 2019 Mutual Evaluation Report (MEP). Incidentally, the evaluation report was prepared at the joint initiative of the member countries every eight years.

               The FATF virtual conference is going to be held on October 21-23. There, on the basis of the Mutual Evaluation Report of October 2019, new steps may be taken against Pakistan, according to the relevant sources. Meanwhile, to get some relief from the FATF's crackdown, Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan could use his influence on the Taliban and Haqqani militant network to try to negotiate a ceasefire in Afghanistan. That is what a section of Pakistan's observer community thinks. US President Donald Trump has already announced that US troops will be withdrawn from Afghanistan before Christmas this year.

Hafiz Saeed, Masood Azhar & Dawood
            

                In this situation, Islamabad has accused India of politicizing the FATF. But the reality is that militant groups like Pakistan's Jaish-e-Mohammed and Lashkar-e-Toiba continue to attack civilians and security personnel in Jammu and Kashmir. Qasim Jan, one of the accused in the Pathankot attack in 2016, is a member of Jaish-e-Mohammad. Besides, he is also the mastermind behind the attacks in Jammu and Kashmir. He also has slipper cells in this country. On the other hand, Talha, son of Hafiz Saeed, co-founder of Lashkar-e-Toiba, is said to be active in plotting militant activities against India. Earlier, it was alleged that a number of terrorist organizations were operating in Pakistan. They are funded directly and indirectly. The Mutual Evaluation Report on Islamabad further states that in addition to money laundering, various organized crimes including drug trafficking, fraud, human trafficking, smuggling & tax evasion are taking place in the country.

         Although India cannot comment directly or vote on the FATF, Pakistan's friend China is present there, but if FATF is blacklisted Pakistan, it is India's responsibility. India has no role in the list of extremists/militants in Pakistan issued by the International Red Cross Corner. But even if Pakistan is blacklisted in FATF, it is also India's responsibility. Like the proverb - Whoever doesn't like, his walking is crooked.

           

Saturday, 26 September 2020

September 26, 2020

UN Speech 2020 - India Vs. Pakistan

              Kashmir Kashmir and Kashmir ..... the same issue even after 73 years of independence. In fact, Kashmir is a golden egg-laying duck. By showing Kashmir, Pakistan runs the country by borrowing from all over the world - and which stealing by leaders and military officers, there is no way to save this country economically. So this time they decided to keep the Kashmir issue, but later on, they have to say something good first to get attention in the UN. Because, in this time, they have no such interest in raising the issue of Kashmir from the very beginning, as no one else in the world has much interest, again if they do not discuss about Kashmir issue, then they will have to die at the hands of the fundamentalists of their own country. So Mr. Khan first started saying some good things - such as how the Corona war in the country, some progressive thinking, the California-Australia wildfire, the flood situation in the world, and so on. Soon after, he started his original speech about India, the main enemy! 
            Needless to say, in that meeting, any Prime Minister or any Embassy of a country does not discuss any religion or what is in the religion or do they speak about Hindu, Muslim or Christian etc. But Imran Khan is not the only person who makes this mistake, he is a Muslim, his prophet etc., and will keep the contract of Islamophobia in the world. Listening to his speech, it seems that he has come for a religious meeting.     
            Pakistani P.M. Imran Khan named the Hindu-nationalist Govt. of India a supporter of hate and bigotry towards Islam in a speech to the United Nations while opposing its attempts to cement control of Muslim-majority Kashmir. Speaking to the United Nations General Assembly. Mr. Khan said that Islamophobia prevails today in India and threatens the nearly 20 crore Muslims living there. The only country in the world today where Islamophobia is funded by the regime, regret to say, is India. Khan said in a reported speech to the UN, which is being kept practically in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, that the reason behind this is the RSS ideology that unfortunately dominates India today. They think that India is Hindus-exclusive and that others are not equal people.  Mr. Khan had repeatedly criticized India's Govt's decision last August to strip Jammu and Kashmir of their statehood, revoke their separate constitution, and withdraw inherited land and employment safeguards.
                The province of Kashmir is divided between India and Pakistan, which have battled two wars over the area while claiming the entire state.
"Until the J&K conflict is solved on the basis of international recognition, there will be no permanent peace and harmony in South Asia," Khan said, calling for a negotiated settlement and renouncing India's August 5 move.
            Heavily militarized Indian-administered Kashmir locals say security forces have detained thousands of young men, seized the homes of civilians, applied beatings and electric shocks, and vowed to bring their female relatives away and marry them. Thousands of demonstrators, many of them blinded in one or both eyes or injured in pellet-gun attacks during the last year.

    (It seemed so ridiculous to me that all that Mr. Khan was saying was what Pakistan was doing in Gilgit-Baluchistan and what China was doing with Islam members in China. But Imran Khan does not have enough courage, to tell the truth.)

            As Mr. Khan's video address began, as a sign of India's protest against it, Mr. Vinito had left the 75th UN General Assembly Room. Mr. Vinito makes a strong and clear message that the Jammu and Kashmir Union Territory is an integral and inalienable part of India. In India's response address, Mr. Vinito said, the rules and laws adopted in the Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir are purely internal affairs of India. The only conflict left in Kashmir concerns the portion of Kashmir which is now illegally controlled by Pakistan & should vacate all those areas of illegal annexation. 
            Mr. Vinito also said that this is the nation which, through the violation of its Shariah laws and through enforced religious conversions, has systematically cleaned up its minorities, including Hindus, Christians, Sikhs & others. Through Imran Khan's address, spoke about Islamophobia around the globe, but also made a clear reference to India's state-supported Islamophobia. This is also a nation that has supported the killing of fellow Muslims simply because they related to another sector or region in Pakistan and funded a militant group in Pakistan." 
            The Indian envoy also described the "unrelenting political and financial assistance" of the Pakistan Deep State to militant organisations. He also referred to Mr. Khan, who earlier this year referred to Osama bin Laden as a martyr. The only way for Pakistan to become a normal country is to ignore its religious, financial & material support for terrorism, to turn its attention to the problems facing its own people, including its minorities, and to stop misusing the United nations' platforms to advance its sinister agenda.

Narendra Modi (PM of India) :
N. Y. around 9 am (6:30 PM IST) :
                  The reality is that India is one of the founding members of the United Nations makes India proud.  PM Modi has come to this global forum to express the feelings of India's 130 crore people on this historic occasion.
             India will also perform its obligation as a non-permanent member of the Security Council from January next year. In favour of stability, security & development, India will always talk. PM Modi asked that How long will India be left out of the system of UN decision making? Prime Minister Narendra Modi also raised questions about the United Nations' contribution to the Covid-19 pandemic and assured the global community that India will use its development and distribution capabilities to assist all humanity in combating the dangerous disease. We are going ahead with the vision of Aatmanirbhar Bharat in the changed circumstances of the post-pandemic period. For the world economy, a self-reliant India would also be a huge force.
                We have always worked for the interests of humanity, not motivated by our own self-interests, from India's Neighborhood First Policy to our East Policy Act, as well as the principle of security & development for all in the country, or our views on the Indo Pacific region.
            Because of the largest global vaccine producing country, India wants to provide the global community one more promise. The manufacturing and distribution potential of India's vaccine (which is under the experiment of the 3rd phase) will be used to assist all humanity in solving this epidemic. The drug industry of India has sent vital medicines to more than 150 countries even during these very tough times of the spreading epidemic.
                India is the nation that has lost the largest number of its brave warriors in the process of preserving peace. Nowadays, every Indian aspires to India's influential role in the United Nations when seeing India's dedication to the UN. India would not never hesitate to lift its voice against humanity's enemies, the human race & human values, including terrorism, illicit arms smuggling, narcotics & money-laundering.
          In India, large-scale efforts are being made to foster entrepreneurship & leadership among women. Today, Indian women are the biggest beneficiaries of the largest micro-financing system in the world. India is one of those countries where women are given 26 weeks of paid maternity leave. The rights of transgender people are also protected in India through the required legal reforms.
            PM also briefly told which is not so easy work that the bank account open of about 40 crore people, expand of broadband connection throughout the country, increasing the digital transaction (which is now the largest of the world), directly sending purified drinking water to people's homes. 2nd October for International day of Non-violence and 21st June International day of Joga, India has determined. 
            He also passed the message that the world had already eye-witnessed many terrorisms action and rivers of the blood of the common people. Is Un's effort enough to stop it from the very beginning? 

Thursday, 17 September 2020

September 17, 2020

Relation Between India-Pakistan

India-Pakistan relation
               While fought shoulder to shoulder during independence with British, India-Pakistan relations later for some political & some personal interests over a long time gone are still known to the worldwide!! The main reason is the same that the Kashmir issueThere have been three wars made between India and Pakistan over Kashmir. Now both have become nuclear-powered countries, and they are once again in a war-torn situation, after the Pathankot, Uri and lastly Pulwama attack.
But what is the reason for this conflict between India and Pakistan over Kashmir?
Hari Singh
            History says that before the independence of Pakistan and India in August 1947, the dispute over Kashmir began. The plan for the partition of British India called the 'Indian Independence Act', stated that Kashmir could join India or Pakistan - any state, according to its wishes. The then Hindu Maharaja of Kashmir Hari Singh wanted to stay remain independent or to join India. On the other hand, Muslims in West Jammu and Gilgit-Baltistan wanted to join Pakistan. 
            In October 1947, Hari Singh signed an agreement to join India in the face of an attack by the Paktun tribal forces in Pakistan and received Indian military support. As a result, the Indo-Pakistan war began in the first three years, which lasted for almost two years.
                In the UN Security Council, India raised the issue of Kashmir in the year 1948. The UN resolution 47 called for a referendum on Kashmir, the withdrawal of Pakistan's military, and the reduction of India's military presence to a minimum.
              The ceasefire in Kashmir came into force in the year 1948, but Pakistan refused to withdraw its deployed army. From then on, Kashmir was virtually divided into two parts controlled by Pakistan and India.
Line of control India-Pakistan-China
                 On the other hand, China established control of the Aksai-Chin part of Kashmir in the 1962 China-India War, and the following year, Pakistan was handed over to China - the region of Trans-Karakoram. Since then, control of Kashmir has been divided among three countries - Pakistan, India and China.
            The second Indo-Pakistan war took place in 1965, followed by another ceasefire. This was followed by the third Indo-Pakistan War of 1971 and the Simla Treaty of 1972, the present line of control or control line was finalized. India occupied the Siachen Glacier area in 1984 - which is not identified with the Line of Control.
                  Indian forces engaged in another brief but bitter war against Pakistan-backed forces in 1999 i.e. Kargil War. Before the 'Kargil War' of 1999, the two countries were entitled to nuclear power.
Why So Much Conflict-Violence in India-ruled Kashmir?
            Many in this part of Kashmir do not want the area to be ruled by India. They want - either full independence or annexation with Pakistan. Over 60% of India-ruled Jammu and Kashmir population is Muslim. It is the only state in India where the majority of Muslims. The unemployment rate here is very high, except that the strict security policies in the street protests and suppression of the rebels worsen the situation. Be it Insurgent activity in Kashmir began on a large scale following the controversial local elections in the wake of the emergence of an organization called JKLF in 1987. India complains that Pakistan is sending fighters from beyond the border - but Pakistan denies it. 
Kashmiris Protesters 
             In this state, after 1989, violent rebellion has undergone many ups and downs. However, on July 27,  22-year-old militant leader Burhan Wani was killed in a clash with security forces, which led to widespread protests throughout the valley. Burhan Wani was active on social media and the various videos he published were popular among the youth. It is believed that his role in reviving militant activities in the region and giving him a 'just image' is important. 
             Thousands of people attended the funeral of Burhan Wani in Troll town, 25 miles away in the capital city of Srinagar. The clash with the troops started after the funeral, and more than 30 civilians were killed in the violence. Ever since then, scattered violence has been taking place in the state. In 2018, civilians, security forces and militants were killed in the total - more than 500 people - the highest in the last decade. 
                Not only URI, Pathankot, Pulwama attack or Burhan Wani killed, but there were also so many incidents that happened after independence till 2019. Some of them want to described shortly.
1989 : As targeted by JKLF and Islamist campaigners, in the time of late 1989 and early 1990, the Hindus of the Kashmir Valley were forced to flee the Valley. Out of 4,00,000 to 6,50,000 Hindus living in the Kashmir Valley in 1990 only 2,400–3,000 remain there in 2016. According to the Indian government, more than 62,000 families are registered as Kashmiri refugees including some Sikh and Muslim families. Most of them were resettled in Jammu, National Capital Region, Delhi, and other neighboring states.
Protesters with Police Fight
1998 : The 1998 Wandhama killings refer to the 25 January 1998 killing of 23 Kashmiri Pandit Hindus in J&K's town of Wandhama. Four children, nine women, and ten men were among the victims. A Hindu temple and a house were also totally demolished by the attackers. The Lashkar-e-Taiba was blamed for perpetrating the massacre.
              Prankote Masakare Was the Killing of 24 Hindus in the Villages of Prankote and Dakikote in Udhampur District of Jammu and Kashmir and 17 April 1998.
         Chapnari incident was a massacre of 25 Hindu villagers in Chapnari (also called  Champanari by some sources ) in the village of Doda district in Jammu & Kashmir on 19 June 1998, by Pakistan-backed terrorist groups.
2000 : The Chittisinghpura massacre refers to the mass murder of 35 Sikh villagers in the district of Anantnag, Jammu & Kashmir, India, on 20 March 2000.
          August 2000, at least 89 people (official count) to 105 (as reported by PTI) were massacred in Kashmir on August 1 and 2 & at least 62 people were injured in at least five separate coordinated attacks by separatist Kashmiri militants. Kashmir Valley district of Anantnag and Doda in India.
Amarnath Yatra
             Out of these, 32 were killed on 2 August in 2000, at the Amarnath Yatra massacre at Nunwan base camp in Pahalgam. Dead included 21 Hindu pilgrims, seven local Muslim shopkeepers, and three security officers, and also wounded seven more men.
           There were so many massacres/rape cases that happened (Hindu Pandit family/laborers/villagers)  during the period 2002, 2004, 2006, 2009. Also, many villagers/protesters of J&K state also died during the open fire by the forces, strict in Jammu & Kashmir on 19 June 1998, by Pakistan-backed terrorist groups.
2014 : On 5th December 2014, there were Four Different terror attacks at multiple places in the Kashmir Valley of Tea State of Jammu and Kashmir in India. 
Hope for Peace in Kashmir Met Again and Again
Pathankot attack
              Kashmir is now along the divided Line of Control (India-Pakistan Control Line). In addition, China controls another part of the Aksai-chin and north of the Siachen glacier. After several bloodsheds between India and Pakistan along the Line of Control, the two countries signed a ceasefire agreement in 2003. Pakistan later pledges to stop funding for Kashmir's rebels, and India suggests - if rebels cease militant activities, they will be forgiven.
Modi-Nawaz Sharif
      After Narendra Modi's BJP Government took office in 2014, they vowed to take a strict policy on Pakistan but also showed interest in peace talks. The then Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif, also attended the swearing-in ceremony of Narendra Modi in Delhi. But a year later, an Indian airbase was attacked in Pathankot, Punjab - for which India was blamed by Pakistan-based groups. Mr. Modi canceled his scheduled visit to Islamabad. Since then there has been no progress in the talks between the two countries.

Is Kashmir went back to its previous state?
Balakot Attack
             The coalition government, led by the Peoples Democratic Party, was in power in the Indian-ruled Kashmir state in 2018 - so that the BJP was a partner. But in June, the BJP withdrew from the alliance, and since then the state has been under the direct rule of Delhi. The anger there has increased.
Imran Khan
         Several attacked on Indian Military bases in Kashmir since 2016. Tensions have erupted again between Pakistan and India over the recent killing of more than 40 paramilitary forces in a militant attack at Pulwama. India has undergone surgical strikes twice (POK and Balakot).          
          Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan said that if India takes military action against Pakistan - then Pakistan will take retaliation. India says they will do all they can to diplomatically detach Pakistan from the international community. It seems that whatever hopes were left to improve relations between these two countries - may have ended with the Pulwama attack. 
Kashmir Youth Examine for join Force
         The position of Kashmir now has something changed after the withdraw of the curfew and also last Election of Block Development Council (BDC) of Jammu & Kashmir indicates something different (Polling percentage above 90-95%) and in one case 100%. The main problem of J&K is unemployment and less-development, which is still now covered by religious and militants activities. Hope it will be also alteration completely in coming days. India Govt. already started to join many Kashmiri youth in Indian Forces and after industrial development in future this scenario might be more shifted.
Diplomatic Relation with Pakistan (Time to Time)
       In view of India's decision after withdrew of Article 370 and 35A on Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan has made a big decision on diplomatic relations with India. Pakistan's Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi has said that our ambassadors will no longer be in India, and Indian ambassadors will be sent back from Pakistan. They also closed Air-root for India.
Parliament attack, 2001
         Earlier, diplomatic relations between India and Pakistan had taken a similar look in the past in 2001. India returned the then High Commissioner Vijay Nambiar from Pakistan to protest the attack on Jaish Mohammed in Parliament. In response, Pakistan also withdrew their High Commissioner Ashraf Jahangir Kazi.
         The two deputy commissioners served at the base for more than a year. In 2003, India expelled the deputy high commissioner of Pakistan, Jalil Abbas Jilani, the acting high commissioner, for spying. Pakistan also sends back the then Indian High Commissioner Sudhir Vyas in response.
          Diplomatic relations between the two countries began in earnest after 2003, when Pakistan sent Aziz Ahmed Khan as High Commissioner to Delhi. India also sent Shivshankar Menon. Both sides, India and Pakistan, cut their numbers at the diplomatic level by half. In addition, some further decisions were made. India severed air, rail & bus connectivity with Pakistan.
                 This time Pakistan has decided to send back their embassy staff and dismiss the Indian High Commissioner. At the same time, Pakistan announced some more decisions.
Indo-Pak bilateral trade has been abolished. The trade volume is $ 2 billion. According to a recent report, it raised $ 2.5 billion, but declined again after the Uri attack and near about closed after the Pulwama incident.
             India mainly exports chemicals, medicines & textiles to Pakistan. Pakistan exports to India mainly oil, minerals & so on.
What's the reason Pakistan Can't Get Fully Out of the Hole for Solve Permanently?
Imran-Bajwa
            To be clear, though Pakistan's leaders are elected in the Democratic way but according to Pakistan's history, they have no powers. Even if they want, there is no way out. The Pakistan Army ISI is in full control and the extremists take decisions. This is the main issue. Today's such fact is the cause of so high Loan taken from others, Pakistan can not pay interest in time. Generally, the tax burden is increasing for people of Pakistan day by day. Needless to say, already Gilgit-Baluchistan and POK raised their volume to left Pakistan (for freedom) immediately. Pakistan's army persecuted (even raped) for a long time in Gilgit-Baluchistan. Here they have no mercy curtsy for Muslims, when China killed & raped, they never raised their volume for those Muslims. But in the case of Kashmir they always ready to say about Kashmiri Muslims are tortured by Indian Force and start to disturb India & the general public of Kashmir, sent militants time to time (through ISI). The leaders never controlled it. How can diplomacy take position between these two countries?

    And now there is nothing to say about Pakistan in detail. Since independence, it has only ended with anti-Hindu policies and the Kashmir issue. There was no time to look at their own economic condition, education, health, social awareness, anything. After that, the theft of their leaders, corruption & oppression of military officers are on their way to the end. Today, when a child is born in Pakistan, his debt is about 3 lakh rupees. Pakistan has been sold to China today - in a word, slave. What will this country fight with and what will it build? What is the status of the country that has to borrow anew to repay the interest on the loan? There is also a huge problem even in POK also. After that, if FATF is blacklisted, then there is no more talk.

Nowadays another incident raised in Pakistan i.e., fight between Shiya and Sunni groups, once upon a time migrated from Iraq and Iran. There is no control from the military administration, how ridiculous? They opened the rally in millions. Is their Indian RAW or RSS? Actually, the massive numbers of the normal public of Pakistan are still controlled by some Maulvi and military administrators? When they realized?

     

Tuesday, 15 September 2020

September 15, 2020

Indian Diplomacy

Modi-Trump

What is Diplomacy?

          Diplomacy is a branch of international relations education where the technique of mutual agreement or negotiation between the state and state institutions is studied. In general, diplomacy is a government program aimed at implementing a country's foreign policy. Diplomacy entails Influencing the dissections and conduct Of Foreign Governments and Officials through dialog, negotiation, and over nonviolent means.
Putin-Modi
       Diplomacy, the English synonym for diplomacy, originated from the ancient Greek word. The word "diplomacy" is thought to originate from the Greek "diploma". The word diploma comes from the Greek verb "diplone". Diplon means - to fold. In France, from the 17th century onwards, the commercial and governmental delegations abroad were called diplomatic groups.
             Indian Public Diplomacy goes back to the days of Chanakya who advocated quality listening as one of the most important attributes of an ideal king. Listening to people on a day-to-day basis is a very important part of public diplomacy in the 21st century. The focus of Indian public diplomacy has been communicating India's raison d'ĂȘtre of its foreign policy decisions as well as traditionally branding India globally by producing documentaries, films, coffee-table books etc.
Mangolia
       India has a large diplomatic relationship, reflecting its relations with the world and especially in the neighboring regions, such as Central Asia, Middle East, East Africa, Southeast Asia, USA, Russia, Spain, France, Germany and the rest of the Indian subcontinent. There are distant archeological missions in the Caribbean and the Pacific, where people from the historic Indian diaspora live.

Russia-India
   

India's Forensic Policy 
        The Republic of India is the most populous elected democracy in the world. The economic growth rate of this state is extremely rapid. Currently, it is the second-largest economy in the world after China, with a GDP growth of 8.9 percent in 2007 years. India's military is the fourth largest in the world. India, the fourth largest in terms of purchasing power parity, is therefore considered a regional power and a middle power. India's growing influence in the international arena has strengthened India's voice in various international issues.
Indira Gandhi-US-Russia, 1971
   Freed from the British subjugation of India in 1947, India joined the Commonwealth of Nations and strongly supported the independence movement of several colonies, including the Indonesian National Revolution. The division of India and various territorial disputes (especially the Kashmir dispute) created tension in the Indo-Pakistan relations in subsequent years. During the Cold War, India decided not to support any international power alliance. However, India developed close links with the Soviet Union and also received numerous military support from that state (Especially in the 1971 war against Pakistan, when the US sent its Naval Sheep into the Bay of Bengal).
           The end of the Cold War has had a profound impact on India's foreign policy, as is the world around. The international powers that India focuses on strengthening diplomatic and trade relations with at this time are the United States, the People's Republic of China, the European Union, Japan, Israel, Mexico, and Brazil. India also has close ties with the Association of South-East Asian Nations, the African Union, the Arab League, and Iran.
India-Soviet Union
India-Bangladesh
         While India maintains military ties with Russia, Israel has emerged as India's second-largest military ally; And India also developed strong strategic cooperation with the United States. The Indo-US Civil Agreement was signed and implemented in 2008. This is seen as a step towards improving Indo-US relations. 
Pranab Mukherjee-Sekh Hasina
       The history of cooperation between different states with India is quite old. India is considered a leader in the developing world. India is a member of several international associations, notably the United Nations, the Alliance-neutral Movement, the Asian Development Bank, and the G20 Industrial Nations. The other international institutions that have a significant influence in India are the East Asia Summit, the World Trade Organization, the International Finance Fund, and the IBSA Dialogue Forum. The regional associations of India are SAARC and BIMSTEC. India participated in various peacekeeping operations and was declared the second-largest military supplier to the United Nations in the 21st. India is currently looking forward to gaining permanent membership of the UN Security Council and G8 Nations.
        Indian passports can be traveled without a visa in 15 countries of the world. These are Nepal, Bhutan, Hong Kong, Maldives, Mauritius, Jordan, Cambodia, Bolivia, Macao, Jamaica, Fiji, Haiti, British Virgin Islands, Trinidad and Tobago and Dominica.
India-US
        Pranab Mukherjee deserves the rare achievement of carrying out the duties of various important ministries such as India's foreign, defense, communications, revenue etc. at different times. His contribution to many important foreign relations, such as the signing of the Indo-US Civil Nuclear Agreement, is unacceptable. The loyalty and outstanding wisdom of the party has paid special tribute to this Bengali politician in the Congress party and even outside the party.
Sushma Swaraj
         Late Sushma Swaraj was the former Indian External Affairs Minister under Prime Minister Narendra Modi from May 2014 till May 2019, responsible for implementing the foreign policy of Narendra Modi. She is only the second woman to hold this position after Indira Gandhi. She made official visits in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar, Singapore, South Korea, Maldives, Afghanistan, UAE, the USA in 2014, China, Oman, South Africa, Nepal, Germany, Pakistan, Mauritius in 2015 and Sri Lanka, Iran, Russia, Italy in 2016.
              On June 26, 2017, Modi met with U.S. President Donald Trump in Washington, DC where he discussed trade, favorable airplanes and natural gas, and terrorism. Increase in bilateral trade and investment, co-operation on global security matters, the inclusion of decision-making matters in India on global governance (United Nations Security Council), upgraded representation in trade and investment forums (World Bank, IMF, APEC), Admission into multilateral export control regimes (MTCR, Wassenaar Arrangement, Australia Group) and support for admission to the Nuclear Suppliers Group and joint-manufacturing through technology sharing arrangements have become key milestones and a measure of speed and advancement on the path closer to US- India relations. In 2016, India and the United States signed the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement and India was declared a Major Defense Partner of the United States. 
Howdy Modi
          The "Howdy, Modi!" The event in the United States was neither organized by the BJP nor the government, but by volunteers who also funded it, the saffron party's overseas affairs department head Vijay Chauthaiwale said on Thursday. A key man behind Prime Minister Narendra Modi's outreach to the people of Indian origin across the globe, Chauthaiwale said in the event Houston was "attended by both Democrats and Republicans. Traditionally, the Indian diaspora has been supported by the Democrats. But we clarified that the event would be bipartisan ".In addition to US President Donald Trump (a Republican), nine to ten Democrats also attended the "Howdy, Modi!" event, he said. Apart from Modi, Trump also addressed the gathering.
Putin - Modi
            The indo-Russian foreign policy between India and Russia always very good & friendly. During the Cold War, India and the Soviet Union (USSR) had a strong strategic, military, economic and diplomatic relationship. After the collapse of the USSR, Russia inherited its close relationship with India which resulted in a special relationship. The relations between Russia and India are an important and privileged strategic partnership. Owing to the bonhomie shared by the countries' concerned leaders, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Vladimir Putin, the bilateral relationship has seen further growth and development.
       Narendra Modi meets the Brazilian President, Dilma Rousseff on the sidelines of the 6th BRICS Summit in Brasilia, Brazil, in July 2014.
South Korea-India
India-Sri Lanka

         In April 2015 Modi visited Canada and was the first bilateral visit to that country by an Indian Prime Minister in 42 years. India made a nuclear deal with Canada's largest producer of uranium, Cameco, signed a $ 280 million, five-year deal to supply uranium to Indian nuclear reactors. The long-term deal is announced later that Cameco will sell 7.1 million pounds of uranium to India, through 2020.
India-France
            France is a valuable strategic partner of India in western Europe. Both countries have invested deep in political, economic, social, technological and military realms. Modi met French President Francois Hollande at the 2014 G-20 Summit in Brisbane, and discussed bilateral strategic, space and defense issues related to committing to global cooperation against terrorism. Indian Air Force (IAF) signed Rs.300 crore deal with Israel's Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, an Israeli defense firm to procure a batch of SPICE 2000 guided bombs.
India-Bangladesh
      UK Prime Minister David Cameron was one of the first world leaders to congratulate Modi soon after his landslide victory in the election. The two leaders met for the first time on 14 November 2014 on the sidelines of the G20 leaders' summit in Brisbane, where the British Prime Minister said relations with India were "top priority" of UK foreign policy.
Germany - India
    In April 2015 Modi visited Germany where he held bilateral talks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Modi also inaugurated the Hannover Fair 2015 - the world's largest industrial fair, where India was the partner country.
Israel-India
         India-Israel relations most notably exemplify realism as cardinal international relations theory where national interest in expediency turns out to be a guiding force behind a nation's foreign policy. Indian Army has placed an order for procuring Israeli Anti-Tank Spike missiles from Israel. The procurement was made under emergency purchases to meet the operational preparedness of the army. Decision taking after the Pulwama attack. 
UAE - India
          India's relations with the UAE are "at their best ever" as bilateral ties have been elevated from a "buyer-seller" to a comprehensive strategic partnership in the last four years, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said as he highlighted the excellent rapport between the two countries. An interview with Modi in the UAE's official news agency, WAM, said that India has found a "valuable partner" in the UAE to achieve its ambitious dream of a USD 5 trillion economy.
Afghanistan-India
     Bilateral relations between Afghanistan and India have traditionally been strong and friendly. India and Afghanistan have been historical neighbors. India shares a 104 km long land border with Afghanistan along with Kashmir. However, since 1948, that part of the border and the region has been occupied by Pakistan's Kashmir rule (POK). On 15 August 2019, on Indian Independence Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi extended greetings to Afghanistan who was also due to celebrate Afghan Independence Day, the 100th year, four days later. Modi said: "Afghanistan is a good neighbor of India, and I wish the country celebrated 100 years of independence this year." [43] President Ashraf Ghani also sent congratulations with the comment "May our friendship last forever.
Iran - India
Bahrain-India 
           Also, so many Official visits and always try to better relationship with Iran, S. Africa, Bahrain, North Korea, Mongolia, Egypt, and so many countries. As a result of good relations build-up with all other countries, Pakistan separated from the world and not get the vote in favour of Pakistan (except Malaysia and Turki) in the last 74th UN General Meeting. 
Indo-China

                PM Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping met on an informal summit at Mamallapuram, a coastal town near Chennai, on October 11-12, 2019. The first day of the meet showcased the ancient town of Mamallapuram, which was a port from where trade between the two nations was carried out two thousand years ago.
Modi in South Africa

          On the second day, Modi and Xi had a one-on-one meet, followed by delegation talks. In all, the two leaders held six hours of dialogue.
        Trade One of the main issues between India and China is trade. During this summit, Modi and Xi reinforced their commitment to improving trade relations. This was one of the key agreements of the Wuhan summit. The leaders agreed to a new set up new mechanisms to achieve this goal. Kashmir issue is one of the main topics made by India-China in this met.
PM Modi Brazil Visit BRICKS Summit
        Prime Minister Narendra Modi has reached Brazil to attend the BRICS Summit. The conference held on 13 and 14 November 2019, in which discussions will be held on increasing cooperation in areas such as digital economy, science and technology and counter-terrorism operations. BRICS consists of five countries with emerging and large economies. These countries account for 42 percent of the world's population and 23 percent of GDP.
The emphasis on preparing an anti-terrorism system
         Before leaving for Brazil, PM Modi issued a statement saying that there will be a special emphasis on building an anti-terrorism system at the 11th BRICS summit. Modi said that he will meet the President of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, and emphasize on increasing bilateral strategic partnership. He will also talk to the leaders of other member countries of the organization to strengthen relations and increase cooperation. In the two-day summit, the leaders of five countries will discuss increasing cooperation in many important areas.
BRICKS SUMMIT, 2019, BRAZIL
           PM Modi will also have separate bilateral meetings with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping. He will also be present at the opening and closing sessions of the BRICS Business Forum and Summit.
17th Nov, Bangkok
With Japan

With US Secretary
        Defence Minister Mr. Rajnath Singh tweets today : had a wonderful interaction with Minister of Defense of Japan, Mr. Taro Kono. He said they had a brief discussion on adding further momentum to India-Japan defense cooperation.
      Mr. Rajnath Singh also tweets: Had an excellent meeting with US Secretary of Defense, Dr. Mark T Esper in Bangkok today. We talk about ways to expand defense cooperation between India and the United States.
Diplomacy with Pakistan and China (as on 15 Sep, 2020)
            The two countries with which India has not been able to improve its relations since independence are Pakistan and China. Although there have been many attempts, many wars happened, but due to China's expansionist policy and the infiltration of extremists from Pakistan, the situation has not changed but the atmosphere of war has been created again.  China is such a country with which there are border disputes with Mongolia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Burma, Indonesia, Japan, Russia, Korea, Vietnam, India, who not?

Though attention has been concentrated on the Galwan Valley following the conflict on June 15, Pangong Tso has seen another unthinkable face-off unfold. Chinese PLA has modified the rules of the agreement by constructing tents and other buildings on Indian territory between Finger 4 and Finger 8.

The Fingers [mountain spurs] are numbered from west to east, one to eight. So, there's an 8 km gap where the whole thing has been going on. Indian post is between Fingers 2 and 3, which are well connected from the depth areas by a lane. There is a road within 1 km of Finger 4 but it ends there. It's just a foot-track after that.

The Chinese are located at Sirijap, 8 km east of Finger 8. In 1999 they designed a highway up to Finger 4. No vehicle can take Finger 4 through. Indian Forces have to go on foot when patrolling up to Finger 8. The Chinese have the advantage of vehicles as they can get up to Finger 4 (which is now under the Indian military).

They were sensitive to the presence of Indian Forces in this area because they felt the road was being constructed, and they dominated up to Finger 4. They don't want Indians to come up regularly to Finger 8, so they interrupt often. According to the agreements, you cannot undo them when interrupted. India is reciprocating and preventing them until they hit Finger 4. It was a one-man show for several years and they ruled. India has started expanding its infrastructure in the past 7 or 8 years so their presence has increased. What used to occur [encounters] one or two times in a month, is now almost on a regular basis. However, China has understood that this is not the India of 1962.

And there is nothing to say about Pakistan in detail. Since independence, it has only ended with anti-Hindu policies and the Kashmir issue. There was no time to look at their own economic condition, education, health, social awareness, anything. After that, the theft of their leaders, corruption and oppression of military officers are on their way to the end. Today, when a child is born in Pakistan, his debt is about 3 lakh rupees. Pakistan has been sold to China today - in a word, slave. What will this country fight with and what will it build? What is the status of the country that has to borrow anew to repay the interest on the loan? After that, if FATF is blacklisted, then there is no more talk.